McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Solution One fabricator and also has a history of competing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis manufacturer, and has actually won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The group is the second earliest active, and 2nd most successful Formula One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Drivers' Champions and 8 Contractors' Championships. The team is a completely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest initial success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Additional American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their very first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took control of as group principal and shortly after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren shareholders to take complete control of the team. This began the team's most successful period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took 6 Builders' Champions. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams offered the most constant difficulty during this duration, the two winning every contractors' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had moved to Williams, and the group went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, additional championships can be found in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, turning over to long time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time given that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until a minimum of 2024. After initially going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World click here Championship. Wishing to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when team owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to set up his own group to run him and his prospective Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with customized Cooper vehicles.